Marvelous Things To See in Medan, North Sumatra
I love my hometown of Medan in North Sumatra. It’s the third largest city in the country, but the first best city in Indonesia!
My family heritage is Batak, one of the original indigenous people of North Sumatra, from the Lake Toba region. So Medan is not just the city I live in, it’s truly my home. 🙂
Medan’s Multi-Cultural History and Diversity
Medan is the capital of North Sumatra province, with a population of 2.7 million people. It’s a major trading hub for goods and services from other parts of Indonesia and from overseas. And it’s only an hour by air from Singapore, and just 30 minutes from Kuala Lumpur. The city also has a rich history, which includes being a hub for the Dutch East India Company and later part of the Dutch East Indies. It was also occupied by Japan during World War II.
These families put down roots and became part of the local culture. This makes Medan a wonderfully diverse city.
The city really grew out of its role in the Dutch colonial tobacco trade. Indentured labor and abusive practices were common at the plantations back then but there was a positive outcome we can see today. In those days local Malays and Bataks would not work on the plantations, so the company had to bring laborers from overseas. As a result, many Javanese, Chinese, Malays from Malaysia and Indians moved to North Sumatra to work in the fields.
These families put down roots and became part of the local culture. This makes Medan a wonderfully diverse city. And the street food in Medan, shopping in Medan and the interesting mix of museums and historical sites really reflect that.
Historic Sites to See in Medan
Here are just some of the historical sites to see in Medan.
Tjong A Fie Mansion
Tjong A Fie Mansion is a historic building that was originally the home of Tjong A Fie, a Chinese-Indonesian businessman and philanthropist. The mansion was completed in 1900 and is one of the oldest surviving buildings in Medan.
The mansion has been used as a school, hospital, and government office before it became a museum in 1975. It is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Medan.
Location: Jl. Jend. A. Yani No 105, Medan 20111 Sumatera Utara
Tjong Yong Hian Gallery
This gallery is the namesake of Tjong Yong Hian, the older brother of Tjong A Fie, mentioned above. It is located in the heart of Medan, not far from the mansion.
The gallery is known for exhibitions and collections of both period and contemporary photographs, relics and memorabilia. There is a beautiful garden and pond on the premises as well.
Location: Jl. Kejaksaan, Petisah Tengah, Medan Petisah, Medan 20151 Sumatera Utara
Taman Kebun Bunga (Tjong Yong Hian Flower Park)
Taman Kebun Bunga Tjong Yong Hian is a public park, located in the center of the city, near the Tjong Yong Hian Gallery. The park was built in 1887 by the Dutch colonists and was originally called “The Garden of the Queen”.
The park has many different types of flowers, trees, and plants, as well as a small pond. There is also a small zoo, with animals such as deer, monkeys, peacocks, birds and more.
Location: Jl. Kejaksaan, Petisah Tengah, Kec. Medan Petisah, Medan 20112 Sumatera Utara
Istana Maimun (Maimun Palace)
Istana Maimun is a palace, originally built by Sultan Ma’mun Al Rashid Perkasa Alamyah of the Kingdom of Deli in 1881. The name is the Arabic word for “blessing”.
The palace is located on the banks of the Deli River and consists of two floors, with a total area of about 1,000 square meters. While it was the home of the sultan, it was actually designed by Dutch architect Theodoor van Erp.
It is especially popular with visitors to the city because of its interior design which combines Malay, Islamic and Indian architectural and cultural elements, and houses Spanish and Italian furniture and details. It is also the last remaining Melayu palace with all the others having been destroyed in the domestic unrest of 1946.
Location: Jl. Brigjend Katamso No 66, A U R, Kec. Medan Maimun, Medan 20151 Sumatera Utara
Kuil Sri Mariamman (Sri Mariamman Temple)
Kuil Sri Mariamman is a Hindu temple near the center of the city. It is one of the oldest temples in Medan. Construction of the temple started in 1884, by Indian Tamil people who were plantation laborers living in Medan at the time, and it remains a center of the Tamil community.
It reflects the traditional architectural style of Hindu temples, in contrast to many other such temples in Indonesia, which reflect more Javanese features. It is also located near a large Chinese temple, the Gunung Timur Temple.
Location: Jl. Teuku Umar No 18, Petisah Tengah, Kec. Medan Petisah, Medan 20151 Sumatera Utara
Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni
The Graha Maria Annai Velangkanni might be the best example of Medan’s great, multi-cultural history. It is not one of the oldest buildings (it was completed in 2005), but this catholic church has a long and interesting history.
It has its roots in the Tamil community that arrived from India in the 1800s but has a mix of Indo-Mughal architectural styles. At a distance, the Indian and Chinese features on the exterior make it look more like a Tibetan style Buddhist temple. The entrance gate welcomes you with features of the North Sumatra rumah adat, the traditional Batak houses of my people in Toba and Karo. 🙂
The steeple has seven stories, seven being associated with ‘heaven’ in Western, Hindu and Muslim cultures and symbolizing that there is a place for everybody in heaven. The 3 domes represent the Holy Trinity of Christianity but reflect a more Mughal mosque style in design. The interior has even more fascinating features. It’s a must-see for visitors to Medan!
Location: Jl. Sakura III No 7-10, Tj. Selamat, Kec. Medan Tuntungan, Medan 20135 Sumatera Utara
Other Things To Do in Medan
Here are even more things to do in Medan.
Visit Masjid Raya Al-Mashun (Medan Grand Mosque)
Masjid Raya Al-Mashun (Grand Mosque of Medan) was completed in 1909. It was initially part of the Maimun palace complex. The Mosque was first designed by Dutch architect Theodoor van Erp but the architect JA Tingdeman was brought in when Van Erp was sent to Java by the Dutch government for restoration of the Borobudur temple in Central Java.
The Grand Mosque of Medan has a mix of architectural styles combining Middle Eastern, Indian and Spanish influences. It also incorporates building materials like Italian marble and stained glass from France!
Location: Jl. Mahkamah No 74c, RT.02, Mesjid, Kec. Medan Kota, Medan 20212 Sumatera Utara
Send a Postcard Home From Medan Post Office
The Medan Post Office was built in 1887 and was originally called the Medan Post and Telegraph Office, or “Poste Restante” (“postal station”). The building was designed by Dutch architect Ir. Snuyf and has been used as a post office since its construction in 1911. The post office also includes a stamp collection exhibit. Forget email and messenger, and send an old school postcard back home!
Located in downtown Medan, the Medan Post Office building is near some other important colonial era buildings such as Old City Hall Medan, Maimoon Palace and Tjong A Fie Mansion.
Location: Jl. Melati Raya No 10, Helvetia, Kec. Medan Helvetia, Medan 20124 Sumatera Utara
Learn About Local History at Museum Negeri Provinsi Sumatra Utara
The North Sumatra Museum is a public museum and the largest in North Sumatra. It highlights the cultural heritage of North Sumatra and Indonesia, including arts and crafts of the different ethnic groups of the area.
The building was first constructed in 1954 and by 2005 had over 6000 pieces in its collection. Sections covering the natural history of the area cover prehistoric life with prehistoric tools and fossil replicas of early humans, as well as local fauna. Other collections cover the religious history of the area and the Dutch Colonial era.
Location: Jl. HM. Joni No 51, Teladan Bar., Kec. Medan Kota, Medan 20217 Sumatera Utara
Enjoy Merdeka Walk
Merdeka Square is a public square and park in the center of Medan, built in 1954 to commemorate Indonesian independence from Dutch colonial rule. Merdeka Walk is part of the Merdeka Square area and has lots of food stalls and vendors. These include Indonesian food and international fare, coffee shops and other merchants, with both indoor and outdoor seating.
It’s a great place to get a casual meal, relax and watch the people of Medan.
Location: Jl. Balai Kota, Kesawan, Kec. Medan Bar., Medan 20231 Sumatera Utara
Titi Gantung is a so-called hanging bridge that dates back to the Dutch era, and allos pedestrians to cross the main railway tracks near Medan Train Station. It is also a center for used book sellers. Most of the books sold here are used so you can definitely find bargains, and it’s OK to haggle with the sellers too.
All kinds of books are here, from kids books and textbooks to rare and out of print books. Titi Gantung is very close to Merdeka Square (where there are also some book sellers). The book traders have been operating in the area for decades, and have been forced to relocate a few times. The pandemic has also brought challenges, but there’s nothing like holding and reading a good book. So if you are in the area, stop by and support these book sellers.
Location: Jl. Kereta Api No 2B, Kesawan, Kec. Medan Bar., Medan 20111 Sumatera Utara
What to Eat in Medan
Medan has great food culture, and the variety reflects the diversity of the local community.
One of Indonesia’s culinary delights is soto, a delicious soup dish consisting of meat, vegetables, and soup base, along with a special blend of herbs and spices. If you want to know how soto is served in North Sumatra, then Soto Kesawan in is a great place to try it.
This place is famous far and wide and loved by locals for its rich, delicious homemade soto. You can get it in different variations, with choices shrimp, beef, chicken, offal and more. And you can mix these for different combinations. This is a good lunch option because they are not open late. They have a few locations in Medan but this is the original.
Location: Jl. Ahmad Yani No 116 Kelurahan Kesawan, Medan Barat, Medan 20133 Sumatra Utara
Tip Top Restaurant
The menu at Tip-Top Restaurant covers every style, from western to pan-Asia and Indonesian cuisines. They also serve natural, no-preservatives ice cream made from a traditional recipe with Dutch-era machines. Yum!
The cakes are also a specialty. The dining room has a relaxed, vintage feel but it gets crowded at night, so come early if you can.
Location: Jl. Jend. Ahmad Yani No.92 A-B, Kesawan, Kec. Medan Bar., Medan 20212 Sumatera Utara
Cahaya Baru (in Kampung Keling)
Cahaya Baru is one of the best choices in Medan for good, affordable Indian food. They serve large portions at fair prices. They offer vegetarian choices and cater to different dietary needs. There’s also a tea time special. International visitors should take note that there is no English menu.
Cahaya Baru is in the Kampung Keling area so it’s only about 5 minutes walk from the Kuil Sri Mariamman (the Sri Mariamman Temple), if you want to have a bite after visiting the temple.
Location: Jl. Teuku Cik Ditiro No.12/16, Madras Hulu, Kec. Medan Polonia, Medan 20152 Sumatera Utara
You can see there are wonderful things to see in Medan, so come visit! And if you do come to town, let me know!